New Zealand Government. Access keys for nzta.
NZ Transport Agency. Menu Menu. Your vehicle may not need a VIN, if it has a frame or chassis number and: was first registered before 1 April entered or was manufactured in New Zealand before 1 February But, if the frame or chassis number has been removed, your vehicle must have a VIN. Acceptable VIN decode information: must be clearly sourced from the manufacturer must also relate to the characters of the VIN affixed to the vehicle requiring entry certification will show the VIN structure and the decode data for each position of the VIN as in the examples below for Chevrolet and Jaguar.
Harold R. We do not believe that it is necessary to adopt the use of symbols at this time. The changes proposed in the petition and those adopted in this final rule provide a sufficient number of unique VINs to assure the continued existence of the current VIN system, with the use of only numeric and alphabetic characters, for at least 30 additional years. Section The agency is not aware of driver facing VIN plates creating unworkable difficulties in any broad category of other situations. As such, the agency is not specifying the direction in which the VIN plate must face in this rule.
Because there are so few manufacturers in this category and the market is relatively small, a manufacturer, at least under the current Part with its vehicle dividing line between small and large manufacturers, may one year be a small manufacturer and the next a large manufacturer. As a small manufacturer under current Part , it is required to use a six character manufacturer identifier.
As a large manufacturer, it is required to use a three character manufacturer identifier.
Decode the VIN
Prevost recently became a large manufacturer under the current Part and is concerned that it might have to return to using a small manufacturer identifier and change its whole VIN structure. It urged that the dividing line between low-volume manufacturers and high-volume manufacturers be set at a threshold lower than the current vehicles for manufacturers of vehicles greater than kg GVWR.
Prevost is principally concerned that it have one consistent approach to VINs and not have to switch between low-volume manufacturer VINs and high-volume manufacturer VINs. However, the agency believes that if we lower the threshold between low-volume manufacturers and high-volume manufacturers, such an action would jeopardize the limited supply of manufacturer identifiers for high-volume manufacturers, which was one of the driving concerns for the petition that initiated this rulemaking and for the agency's proceeding with this rulemaking.
If, after the implementation of this final rule, there continue to be manufacturers that vacillate between low-volume and high-volume status, the best place to address this will be in the administration of the VIN system. In this way, NHTSA can better monitor the supply of large manufacturer identifiers and be sure that they are issued only in situations where it is appropriate to do so.
There were numerous comments concerning the effective date of the final Start Printed Page rule, particularly the need for the final rule to be implemented quickly with a clear indication that it applies to all model year vehicles.
One commenter said the revised Part should apply to model year vehicles regardless of when they are manufactured. TMA also urged quick adoption. NICB provided detailed comments that focused entirely on the issue of effective date. If the agency allows the VIN to become anything other than a truly unique identifier, it will cripple enforcement of the Anti-Car Theft Act, the Motor Vehicle Safety Act, the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act and a host of other Congressional mandates to protect Americans from car theft, salvage fraud and death or injury on the nation's highways.
It would also jeopardize counter-terrorism efforts, especially the investigation of car bombings. NICB's Shipping and Assembly File, which includes nearly all motor vehicles produced for sale in the United States, typically receives from manufacturers some pre-production VIN assignments before the end of the calendar year that is two years before the model year.
The company noted that under a U. The effective date of this final rule is two-fold. It becomes mandatory in one year. That is, all vehicles manufactured on or after the date one year from today must have VINs that meet the requirements of this final rule. The effective date will be different for different manufacturers and different vehicles manufactured by the same manufacturer because of the different times those vehicles are manufactured within the same model year.
Under the current Part , a chart indicates the numbers and letters that are required in the 10th position for particular model year vehicles. These new requirements will both avoid duplicate VINs and enable a VIN user to distinguish the 30 year period in which a vehicle was manufactured. NHTSA very much appreciates the concerns expressed over the need for the timely publication of this final rule.
We believe the effective date of the rule gives regulated parties ample time to make the changes necessary to comply with the revised requirements of Part The current VIN requirements need to be retained for an interim period during the changeover to the new VIN requirements, for the benefit of any manufacturer that might be using the current Part VIN regulation.
This rulemaking document was not reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget under E. It is not considered to be significant under E.
Vehicles that require a VIN
This document changes the VIN requirements that for the most part provide manufacturers greater flexibility in meeting VIN requirements:. This rule does not substantially change those requirements. The minimal impacts of today's amendments do not warrant preparation of a regulatory evaluation. NHTSA cannot quantify direct safety impacts of this rule.
However, NHTSA believes that this rule will have a beneficial effect on safety in that it ensures the continued integrity of the VIN system ensuring that vehicles will continue to be uniquely identified. There may be some cost impacts in changing data systems to account for features of the VIN that are different than those of current VINs e.
In fact, manufacturers of most vehicles less than 10, lb GVWR will need to do nothing more initially than change their systems so that an alphabetic character appears in position 7 of the VIN to comply with today's rule. For all other VIN positions, these manufacturers may continue to use current systems to generate VIN characters using the old character limitations.
Because of the change from a numeric character to an alphabetic character in position 7, unique VINs will be assured. These manufacturers will be able to adjust their systems as needed over time to be able to generate VIN characters under the expanded options for characters contained in the final rule. This ability to adapt slowly to the final rule will further ameliorate the cost impact of the final rule.
The members of the committee representing operators of data systems that utilize the character VIN system indicated that there would be some costs involved in making software and other modifications to data systems, but that those costs would be extremely small compared to what would be required to deal with an expanded number of VIN characters.
Pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act 5 U. No regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of an agency certifies the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. SBREFA amended the Regulatory Flexibility Act to require Federal agencies to provide a statement of the factual basis for certifying that a rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
I certify that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Manufacturers of low-speed vehicles will have to make sure that the VIN reflects the LSV features newly added to Table 1 of Part , but the burden associated with that responsibility should be negligible and will not result in a significant economic impact.
NHTSA has examined this rule pursuant to Executive Order 64 FR , August 10, and concluded that no additional consultation with States, local governments or their representatives is mandated beyond the rulemaking process.
Further, no consultation is needed to discuss the preemptive effect of today's rule. NHTSA rules can have preemptive effect in at least two ways. In addition to the express preemption noted above, the Supreme Court has also recognized that State requirements imposed on motor vehicle manufacturers, including sanctions imposed by State tort law, can stand as an obstacle to the accomplishment and execution of a NHTSA safety standard. When such a conflict is discerned, the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution makes the State requirements unenforceable. See Geier v. American Honda Motor Co.
NHTSA has not outlined such potential State requirements in today's rulemaking, however, in part because such conflicts can arise in varied contexts, but it is conceivable that such a conflict may become clear through subsequent experience with today's rule. NHTSA may opine on such conflicts in the future, if warranted. See id. This rule will make Part 's requirements for manufacturer identifiers and for identifying attributes of the specific vehicle type more consistent with SAE and ISO standards for vehicle identification. The rule will permit the use of alphabetic and numeric characters in certain VIN positions, which is likely to substantially increase harmonization of Part with the ISO identification standard.
The agency has determined that implementation of this action will not have any significant impact on the quality of the human environment. When promulgating a regulation, Executive Order specifically requires that the agency must make every reasonable effort to ensure that the regulation, as appropriate: 1 Specifies in clear language the preemptive effect; 2 specifies in clear language the effect on existing Federal law or regulation, including all provisions repealed, circumscribed, displaced, impaired, or modified; 3 provides a clear legal standard for affected conduct rather than a general standard, while promoting simplification and burden reduction; 4 specifies in clear language the retroactive effect; 5 specifies whether administrative proceedings are to be required before parties may file suit in court; 6 explicitly or implicitly defines key terms; and 7 addresses other important issues affecting clarity and general draftsmanship of regulations.
NHTSA has reviewed this rule according to the general requirements and the specific requirements for regulations set forth in Executive Order This rule does not result in any preemptive effect and does not have a retroactive effect. A petition for reconsideration or other administrative proceeding is not required before parties may file suit in court. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of PRA , a person is not required to respond to a collection of information by a Federal agency unless the collection displays a valid OMB control number.
Although the agency may require information to be provided in a slightly different way as a result of this final rule e. We emphasize that there will be no increase or decrease in the collection of information because of this rulemaking. Executive Order and the President's memorandum of June 1, , require each agency to write all rules in plain language.
Application of the principles of plain language includes consideration of the following questions:. If you have any responses to these questions, please send them to the address provided at the beginning of this document. You may use the RIN contained in the heading at the beginning of this document to find this action in the Unified Agenda.
Please note that anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comment or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc. Authority: 49 U. This part specifies the format, content and physical requirements for a vehicle identification number VIN system and its installation to simplify vehicle identification information retrieval and to increase the accuracy and efficiency of vehicle recall campaigns.
See Subpart A of this part regarding the general applicability of this subpart.
Unless otherwise indicated, all terms used in this part that are defined in 49 CFR The specific manufacturer and make shall be represented if the engine powers a passenger car or a multipurpose passenger vehicle, or truck with a gross vehicle weight rating of kg 10, lb or less. Passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, incomplete vehicles, low speed vehicles, and motorcycles are separate types.
Each vehicle manufactured in more than one stage shall have a VIN assigned by the incomplete vehicle manufacturer. Vehicle alterers, as specified in 49 CFR The check digit shall appear in position nine 9 of the VIN, on the vehicle and on any transfer documents containing the VIN prepared by the manufacturer to be given to the first owner for purposes other than resale.
Special Assigned Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Plates (Formerly Reg. No. 37)
Each character in the VIN subject to this paragraph shall have a minimum height of 4 mm. The plate or label shall be permanently affixed inside the passenger compartment. It shall be located in such a manner as not to cover, obscure, or overlay any part of any identification number affixed by the original manufacturer. Motor vehicles conforming to Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard are exempt from this paragraph. This section shall uniquely identify the manufacturer and type of the motor vehicle if the manufacturer is a high-volume manufacturer.
If the manufacturer is a low-volume manufacturer, positions one through three along with positions twelve through fourteen in the VIN shall uniquely identify the manufacturer and type of the motor vehicle. This section shall uniquely identify the attributes of the vehicle as specified in Table I. For passenger cars, and for multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of kg 10, lb or less, the fourth character position 7 of this section shall be alphabetic. The use of these designations within the VIN itself is not required. Tables I and II follow:.
This section shall be the check digit whose purpose is to provide a means for verifying the accuracy of any VIN transcription. After all other characters in VIN have been determined by the manufacturer, the check digit shall be calculated by carrying out the mathematical computation specified in paragraphs c 1 through 4 of this section. The last five 5 characters of this section shall be numeric for passenger cars and for multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of kg.